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Anna G. Larsen defended PhD thesis on “reporting extremism”

Anna M. Grøndahl Larsen, member Visit Anna M. Grøndahl Larsen at HIOA´s staff page
MEKK-member: Anna M. Grøndahl Larsen,

MEKK-member, Anna M. Grøndahl Larsen successfully defended her thesis: Reporting extremism and the threat of terrorism in the digital age: News journalism and the boundaries of inclusion and representation, on Friday the 16th of November.

Anna based her dissertation on in-depth interviews with editors and journalists in Norway and analyses of news texts published in Norwegian newspapers throughout a two-year period, supplemented with textual analyses of metadebate in news content and online comments sections regarding journalistic practices in reporting extremism.

Read the abstract: “Reporting extremism and the threat of terrorism in the digital age: News journalism and the boundaries of inclusion and representation”



Chilling facts, yet a note of optimism at MEKK conference, 2018










Ella Marie Hætta Isaksen opened the conference with a joik, a Sami way of singing which was for a long time illegal in Norway.
-The conference is the fourth of its kind, and is turning into an annual event! Ann-Helen Bay, Dean of Faculty of Social Sciences at OsloMet University











Thanks to Ingrid Fadnes (below), and heads of MEKK, professors Kristin Skare Orgeret and Roy Krøvel for ensuring that this conference took place. On the screen behind, Shahidul Alam, photojournalist imprisoned in Bangladesh.





Ingrid Fadnes thanking Ella Marie for her beautiful song.
SKUP (The Norwegian Foundation of a Critical and Investigative Press)









Marilyn Clark, professor at Department of Psychology at the University of Malta, shared some disturbing research-figures from Europe: Since 2015, 12 journalists have been killed in Europe!



-The good news, however, is that journalists are extremely resilient. And that resilience can be nurtured. One journalist said: “I learned to appreciate hate comments (…) only means that what I do is relevant.



-If you want to know how a university can make itself relevant, this conference is a good example. It is happening right here. Guy Berger, Director of Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO, Paris.





















-Each year one journalist gets a pulitzer and one hundred get shot (…) Journalist should be rewarded, the reality is: They are being killed, Guy Berger.

Panel debate: Safety and self-censorship-practical experiences, six cases of investigative journalism: Johannes Kr. Kristjansson, Island, Jan Lukas Strozyk, Germany, Joshua Olutosin Olufemi, Nigeria, Craig McCune, South Africa, Daniela Quiros Lepiz, Burkino Faso, Costa Rica, Mwanyengwa Ndapewoshali Shapwanale, Angola/Namibia
On powerful sources: -What they do, is that they attack our credibility and falsely accuse our character. Like for instance, they will say that we were paid to write critical articles about them. The result is that people won´t believe us, and consequently what we write looses its impact (Mwanyengwa Ndapewoshali Shapwanale, Angola/Namibia)
On hate speech: -You need to be out there, expose yourself in order to reach out to your sources, but when you do, you will also attract attackers. On Facebook and on social media. People are horrible. There is no real awareness about female harassment. There is a lot of sexual harassment of female journalists, and it´s just getting worse. We need to find a way to support female colleagues. (Jan Lukas Strozyk, Germany)
Delicious dinner and great company at Skatten on Tøyen, and after dinner with Norwegian Latin American Research Network :Why are so many journalist threatened, subjected to violence and/or assassinated in Latin America today? Jose Luis Benitez, El Salvador, Marta Milena Barrios Correa, Colombia, Yennue Zarate, Mexico, Benedicte Bull, moderator
Marta Milena Barrios Correa, Universidad del Norte, Colombia speaks on self-censorship in Colombia.
More than 60 participants presented papers in the afternoons.

















































Epochal shifts in current Latin America?







A diverse and engaged audience participated at the 10th conference of the Nordic Latin American Research Network, the 25th and 26th of October at MET University in Oslo.

Some of the questions that were raised and discussed at the conference were: How are social movements and cultural expressions reacting to and interpreting the current realities in Latin America? Are there any signs of new movements and trends emerging? How does a new generation of writers, filmmakers and other artists depict the current state of art in Latin America?


Welcome to the Conference on Safety of Journalists – the chilling effects, 2018

The conference will take place in Oslo on the 5th and 6th of November 2018, in connection with UNESCO’s International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists at Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Most abuses against media professionals remain uninvestigated and unpunished. This impunity perpetuates the cycle of violence against journalists, media workers and citizen journalists. The resulting self-censorship deprives society of information and further impacts press freedom. (UNESCO, Safety of Journalists and Impunity)[1]


“Nicaragua: The beginning or the end of a revolution?”

By Voice of America – https://www.voanoticias.com/a/nicaragua-violencia-protestas-por-reformas-al-seguro-social/4357428.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68553240

Head of MEKK, professor Roy Krøvel will discuss the escalating situation in Nicaragua in a panel with other experts on Nicaragua; Mariel Aguilar-Støen, Elin Cecilie Ranum and faciliator Benecticte Bull firstcoming Friday, June the 8th, from 6 to 7:30 PM, room: Laboratoriet, 3rd. floor, Youngs gate 6, Oslo. The event is initiated by Norwegian Latin America Research Network (NorLARNet). The seminar is open for everybody.

For more than a month now, Nicaragua has been facing demonstration against corruption, cutbacks and against the concentration of power in the hands of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo -the presidential couple. The situation has escalated in brutality, and over a hundred people have so far been killed.

What might be the reasons for the situation in Nicaragua? Who are the protesters, and why do security forces react so violently? Are Ortega’s days as a president, over? How can the crisis be resolved, and how should the international community respond? In this evening seminar, one of the participants from the The InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) visitation in May, will give an introduction before we have a conversation between three experts with different backgrounds from work in Nicaragua.

Read the whole report from the The InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) vistiation in Nicaragua.

MEKK-conference receives funding from UNESCO

We are happy to announce that we have received 200 000 NOK from UNESCO, towards arranging a new conference on the topic of security for journalists. This year the focus will be on self-sensorship due to threaths and violence against journalists. More information, and call for papers will be shortly due.

An important read on World Press Freedom Day

Marte Høiby, member Visit Marte Høiby at HIOA´s staff page
Marte Høiby, MEKK-member, journalist safety trainer and PhD fellow at the Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
Saumava Mitra, post-doctoral fellow in media, peace and conflict studies at the United Nations mandated University for Peace.
“The death of these Afghan journalists covering a suicide attack underlines the fact that we need to discard the outdated idea of heroic “foreign” correspondents reporting about distant wars. News from conflict zones – even for international news organizations – is increasingly produced by local journalists, ” writes Saumava Mitra and MEKK-member Marte Høiby in an article published by The Globe and Mail Today on the World Press Freedom Day. Read the whole article below.


Norwegian Press during Second World War

Photo: NTB Scanpix

Journalism as resistance and source of power was the starting point for a conversation between historians and journalist Hans Fredrik Dahl and MEKK-member, journalist and historian Bjørn Westlie, when they met to discuss the Norwegian press during the Second World War, yesterday at the National Library.

In the afternoon of Tuesday, April 9, 1940, less than a few hours after the attack on Norway, the occupation power called for a press conference where they presented a new protocol of conduct for Norwegian newspapers. It was later  followed up by censorship and control. The vast majority of editors and journalists adapted to the new regime. At the same time, an illegal press grew forth, and people listened on their hidden radios to the “voice from London”.


Critic of Norwegian Media´s coverage of Syria

In a recent article in Klassekampen, Professor Emeritus, Rune Ottosen questions why the media takes such an uncritical stance towards Norway´s participation in the war in Syria, especially with regards to violation of International Law. Ottosen draws parallels to the war in Afghanistan, where Norway also participated; lives were lost, and millions of dollars spent, yet to little avail.

Read the whole article in Klassekampen.

How can Tunisian journalists safely cover demonstrations?

This was just one of the safety issues that was discussed in the three day security course: Safety for journalists in hostile environments, that took place in Tunisia last week. Such coverage is still highly relevant to the context in which Tunisian journalists find themselves in, as demonstrations continue to take place seven years after the Tunisian revolution.

The training was a cooperation between OsloMet’s JMIC, Tunisian IPSI and Article 19. Trainers on the course were former war-correspondent Abeer Saady from Egypt, MEKK member and doctoral researcher Marte Høiby from Norway and professor Amine Ben Massoud from Tunisia.

Local and regional examples were discussed throughout the three days of training.The participants learned about identifying risks and risk management while working in hostile environments. They also focused on the best practices in field and the ethical challenges and dilemmas relevant to safety. Students were introduced to practical exercises with role plays and selected cases.

Furthermore, the training dealt with psychosocial safety and trauma, working undercover and challenges of dealing with violence and armed Jihadi groups.