Gender differences are comparably minor in the north-western countries. Cross-country and gendered inequalities in late-life wellbeing are largely explained by differences in health, social factors and socio-economic resources, which in turn may be driven by macro-level socio-economic and welfare conditions.
Generous welfare provision and pension spending may moderate the exposure to, and impact of, some of the determinants of late-life loneliness and depression. Modern welfare states seem able to delay or to give some protection from the risk of poor quality of life in later life.
These findings are publisehed in Population Europe Discussion Paper no. 10. The paper is authored by Thomas Hansen and Britt Slagsvold, both from NOVA/OsloMet.